Despite the fact that they are both members of the cannabis Sativa plant family, marijuana plants and industrial hemp are not the same things. There are three basic reasons why various strains of cannabis are bred and grown: medicinal, recreational, and industrial.
Marijuana and hashish belong to the subset of cannabis products that are cultivated specifically for recreational use by growers. They primarily cultivate the third group for its fiber, while the second group is used for the production of seeds from which oil is extracted. We classify the middle and last clusters as industrial hemp 2.
Every year, one acre of hemp generates the same amount of fiber as two to three acres of cotton. The hemp plant can survive in colder conditions than other plants and has a high level of resistance to invasion by both insects and weeds.
When it comes to water and fertilizer, hemp does best in modest quantities. Hemp can create as much paper per acre as trees can produce per acre, therefore one acre of hemp is equal to around four acres of trees. As a result, hemp has a multitude of features that confer upon it the value of a valued and more preferable sustainable resource. Click here to read more about sustainability.
The fact that hemp is made of organic material is perhaps the finest feature of this plant. It does so extremely quickly, and every component of the plant may be used in some way.
Hemp contains both THC and CBD.
Hemp is a kind of cannabis plant that has very little of the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and is thus not suitable for recreational use. Although THC may be found in all forms of hemp, the amounts seen in industrial hemp are far lower.
The natural component cannabidiol (CBD) is also present in hemp, as it is in other Cannabis Sativa plants. THC and CBD may be found in a broad range of medications now on the market and carried by hififarms, such as those for mental illnesses, sleeplessness, and glaucoma. While THC and CBD share several chemical features, their physiological effects couldn’t be more different.
CBD Doesn’t Create A High
CBD has a tough time binding to the CB1 receptors found in the body, in contrast to THC, which has no such problem. It has a powerful binding effect, and as a result, the individual who takes it will feel very euphoric. In contrast, CBD does not result in a “high.” CBD products include THC to assist them to connect to the cb1 receptors, which is necessary due to the poor binding power of CBD alone. Products made from hemp that are valued for high levels of THC need additional CBD to mitigate the euphoric effects of the THC.
Because of its psychotropic properties, THC is a prohibited drug; as a result, the legal limit for THC content in hemp is 0.3 percent, based on the plant’s dry weight. As of December 6, 2018, hemp was removed from the list of restricted drugs in the United States. The District of Columbia and thirty-three other states joined Washington DC in enforcing laws pertaining to cannabis and making it permissible for medicinal cannabis to have high amounts of THC.
Hemp, on the other hand, has just trace levels of the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which sets it apart from other members of the cannabis family. Hemp grown for industrial purposes does not have the same psychoactive effects as marijuana or other forms of cannabis. On a per-gram dry weight basis, marijuana may have up to 30 percent THC content. For the type developed specifically for recreational purposes, the male plants are selectively culled in order to avoid pollination.
The Origins of Hemp
It’s possible that hemp was one of the earliest plant fibers to be grown. 10,000 years ago, people first began cultivating land, and scientific investigation places the origin of hemp around 8000 BC. Our research leads us to assume that it is one of the first examples of industrialization by humans. Mesopotamian archaeologists unearthed a piece of hemp clothing from about 8,000 B.C. Mesopotamia is a region in what is now the country of Iraq. They also discovered ceramic fragments in China that had hemp imprints on them.
There are allusions to Emperor Shen Nung of China, who is said to have instructed his peasants in the cultivation of hemp in order to make textiles (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile). It seems that hemp has been cultivated in China for the greatest amount of time. Around the year 150 B.C., they started making paper out of hemp. Hemp was also traditionally used in the production of ceramics, food, and medicine.
Additionally, the hemp plant had tremendous cultural value for many of the early civilizations. In the ancient religious writings of both the Hindus and the Persians, it is referred to as a “holy grass” or the “king of seeds.” Around 1200 B.C., hemp was brought to Europe, and from there it rapidly spread to other areas of the globe.
Cannabis sativa L. in the Americas
In the year 1606, hemp was first brought to North America by immigrants. In the 1700s, hemp farming was a mandatory activity for farmers due to governmental requirements. From 1776 to 1937, hemp was a significant crop in the United States. George Washington grew hemp on his land.
In 1916, the USDA found that hemp paper was more sustainable. After a few years had passed, the government passed the Marijuana Tax Act, which levied a tax on the sale of any items derived from cannabis and actively discouraged hemp production.